Key Elements Of An Indoor Garden

  1. Light

Light is necessary for photosynthesis which is critical for the plant’s survival. Without adequate light, plants grow spindly and tall and they might not even flower or bear fruits. However, plants differ in their need for light. Understanding the light requirements of the plants you are growing indoors will help you determine their most ideal location.

  • Sun loving foliage plants and most flowering plants should be placed within three feet of sunny south facing windows. Some plants require direct light and at least 6 hours of direct sunlight.
  • Plants that require indirect light should be kept away from the pounding sun at all times. This could be 3 to 5 feet away from south facing windows. This ensures that the plants only get ambient light.
  • Some plants thrive in low diffused light and such plants don’t need direct sunlight. Such plants can do quite well in rooms that never get much light. Such plants can also be kept within a foot of north facing windows or 6 to 8 feet away from south facing windows.

Shrubs, trees and buildings can block light and this must be taken into consideration when trying to figure out where your plants should be located within your home. Moreover, you may need to move plants closer to the window during winter months in order to compensate for the general decrease in light.

2. Temperature

Most plants thrive at temperatures of between 65 and 75F with a variance of about 10F either way. In case the temperatures are too high, your plants will be weak and small. On the other hand, temperatures that are too cold may cause yellow leaves that eventually fall off prematurely.


Your indoor garden plants should experience day to night temperature fluctuation of 10F. Most plants especially flowering plants require a period of dormancy each year before the set buds and flowers. In order to stimulate the dormancy period (resting period), you should cut back on fertilizer and water during early winter and late fall, when the duration and intensity of light is lowest. You should only step up the fertilizer and water once day length starts increasing. This is a good way of stimulating healthy new growth

3. Watering indoor garden plants

Plants that are grown in containers usually dry out quickly as compared to their soil-grown counterparts. Therefore, they require frequent watering. Moreover, it is recommended that you use room temperature water and always add enough water until it starts running through the container’s drain holes. This ensures that the entire root ball is properly moistened. However, you should not allow water to collect under the plant because it can lead to disease or rot.

  1. Air and humidity

One of the most common challenges for indoor gardening is the lack of humidity. Most plants thrive at a relative humidity of about 50%. Air tends to be drier during winter than during summer and the problem is compounded further if you run the heat at home. When the humidity is lower than 30%, plants are unable to absorb sufficient water through the roots in order to keep up with water that is lost through the leavers.

  1. Drainage

Your pots and containers should have holes to drain out any excess water. In case water collects at the bottom of your pots, it can easily cause root rot which might even kill your plants. You can place plastic or clay saucers underneath the pots to prevent any excess water from spilling onto your furniture, carpet or floor.

However, some decorative pots and containers do not have drainage holes. This makes it difficult to know how much the plants in such pots should be watered. Therefore, watering such plants requires more skill than is usually required when watering plants in the normal traditional pots that have holes at the bottom. However, you can still use these beautiful pots successfully by simply avoiding over watering your plants.